The history of Western painting probably changed drastically during the Renaissance. Then, the Renaissance oil painting was born, creating a new painting color and leaving deep historical and artistic values.
Origin of Renaissance painting
Renaissance is a term used to refer to the period between the fourteenth and seventeenth centuries in Europe, the intermediate time between the Middle Ages and the Modern period. This was the period when the Renaissance culture movement originated from Florence (Italy) then spread throughout European countries. In the correct sense, the phrase Renaissance art is the re-birth of the values of art, though, the science of ancient times and the resurrection and brilliant development of Western civilization. In particular, the painting in this period represents the values and characteristics of an entire period. Renaissance paintings address topics such as heroism, human power, landscape paintings and religious sketches.
Some authors and typical works of this period
Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) is a French artist. He was one of the three main painters of the Renaissance and one of the greatest painters in the world. His typical works in this period can be mentioned as Mona Lisa, Vitruvius, Virgin Mary in the cave, The Last Supper, … Perhaps the Mona Lisa is the most successful painting of this talented artist. The mysterious beauty of the woman in the painting has brought the name of the artist around the world.
School of Athens (School of Athens) is one of Raphael’s four mural paintings, born in the period between 1509 – 1511. The painting is famous all over the world because it is a work in which the main character represents the cradle of the development of human culture. It is even considered as one of the famous works of the Renaissance Catholic painting.
Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi or Botticelli( 1445-1510) is a famous Italian Renaissance artist. Sandro Botticelli is famous for his most famous mythological works, paintings exploiting religious themes and painted portraits. He is especially famous for his work: The Birth of Venus. In her famous painting composed in 1486, Sandro Botticelli also depicts the image of the blonde maiden with perfect beauty from the very beginning.
Indeed, looking back on the whole process of development, the famous Renaissance oil painting has brought extremely artistic values. In addition, They are all works of life, a pioneer of the transformation of European painting in the 16th century.